ELF (EARTH) RECEIVER
The Earth Receiver is an E.L.F. (Extremely Low Frequency) receiver is designed to receive naturally occuring atmospheric radio signals in the 1 to 10 kHz range. This range is not generally used for routine radio communications, due to the giant antennas and high power levels needed to generate a useful signal. The lowest allocated radio frequency is 9 kHz. ELF is defined as those frequencies between 300 and 3000 Hz (0.3 to 3 kHz), while VLF (very low frequency) is defined as frequencies between 3 and 30 kHz. Below 9 kHz, there are many interesting naturally occuring radio signals generated by electrical activity in the earth and its atmosphere. These include sferics, chirps, whistlers, and the “dawn chorus”. The Earth and surrounding space produce a variety of naturally occurring radio phenomena from lightning storms, solar events, auroras, geologic activity, and other related natural events. The most common generator of natural radio signals are the ever present thunderstorms on our planet. There are several hundred to more than a thousand thunderstorms occuring on Earth at any one time. The tremendous energy and the dimensions of this activity all allow significant RF energy to be generated in the audio frequency range (30-15000 Hz, or 0.03 to 15 kHz). Since this energy is electromagnetic, we cannot directly hear it, even though it is in the audio range. It is often asked by those unfamiliar with electronics, and physics in general, why these low frequencies, in the audible range, cannot be heard by the unaided ear. The reason is the mode of propagation. These waves are electromagnetic in nature, while audible sounds are mechanical in nature, consisting of changes in pressure in the conducting medium (water, air, etc.). A number of radio hobbyists have become interested in this area of radio, and have built or purchased ready made receivers for this purpose. They have been called “Natural Radio Enthusiasts”, and there are a few groups on the internet that deal with this field. You can visit the website of the Long Wave Club of America, for lots of information on natural radio, and they have links to many other such sites. If you are interested in radio, astronomy, space science, weather, or geology you will surely want to investigate this area of VLF and ELF radio phenomena. And, it is quite easy to build this receiver kit to listen in on this part of the radio spectrum. It can be built at a cost equal to that of a pocket FM stereo receiver /casette player, and is similar in size and weight. One might think a huge antenna is needed at these low frequencies, but in practice a small whip antenna will allow atmospherics to be heard, An active antenna circuit is used for reception, with a receiver input impedance of more than 10 megohms. This allows the use of a short whip antenna of 0.3 to 1 meter in length. While no ground is needed, a short earth spike (a 20 to 35 cm length is adequate, a nail or a knitting needle works well) connected to the metal case of the receiver with a 1 to 2 meter length of wire greatly improves reception. Even in rocky soil areas, it should be easy to insert a short spike into the topsoil. Since the antenna impedance is so high, several thousand ohms ground resistance is acceptable. The kit is easy to build and no alignment or circuit adjustments are required. All components and an NC531 metal case with connectors, switches, hardware, and battery holder included to build the complete receiver. An optional collapsible antenna with mating BNC connector (NC1498) is available. Batteries (4-AA cells or 9V transistor battery) and stereo headphones not included, use any ordinary portable stereo headphones
Price (Assembled and Tested) $ 106.95 USD
Price (Kit) $ 64.95 USD
Optional Accessories: NC1498 Antenna $ 14.95 USD
Prices do not include shipping and handling
 
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NORTH COUNTRY RADIO
PO Box 200, Hartford NY 12838-0200
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